The classic comes from another classic.

The classic comes from another classic.

Please add Sina Weibo's attention to the classic contribution of issue 101 on April 22,2015: _ Miss absent reprint, please indicate the source in the title and inside page.

Literature is a never-ending overlapping dialogue

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Literature is a never-ending, overlapping dialogue, and sometimes it is a cycle-- between writers, between readers, between books themselves. Ignoring what Vonnegut (Vonnegut) said, especially from an advantageous point of view, makes reading fascinating and beneficial. After all, what could be more interesting than listening to a conversation between geniuses? And the form of the story is no less interesting. There are some novels that can be read better if you have a little background-sometimes this background is another great novel. Here are some books you should read in pairs, just like wine with great cheese-set off each other to create a wonderful night.

want to read: Ulysses, James Joyce first read: Odyssey, Homer

although this is obvious, it is worth mentioning. Of course, Ulysses (Ulysses) means "Odyssey (Odysseus)" in Latin, and every chapter of Joyce's novel is arranged according to Homer's epic. (of course, some scholars have to figure this out, and Joyce gloated over the esoteric and parody plot he tried to use. But even a layman (or at least someone who read the Odyssey in high school, ahem) can find that the main characters of Joyce's modernist masterpieces are directly related to Homer's ancient characters: Leopold Bloom = Odysseus, Molly Bloom = Penelope, Stephen Dedalus = Telemakos.

want to read: master and Marguerite, Burjakov first read: Faust, Goethe

Burgakov did not try to deceive anyone. He began his most famous novel with an inscription from Goethe's Faust. Who are you? "part of my power is eternal to evil and part to eternal good." naturally, the questioner is Faust, and the responder is Delphist. Burjakov excavated the most basic theme of Goethe (man's thirst for knowledge! ) and some elements of the mythological structure in the book. The novel is full of allusions and citations, and modern readers can't expect to know them all if they don't study them carefully-so Faust is a good start. There is another example: the story of Gogol, Dostoevsky and, of course, Christ.

want to read: Madame Bovary, Gustav Flaubert first read Don Quixote, Miguel Cervantes

Flaubert first read Don Quixote at the age of 11. He wrote a letter to one of his friends and said, "I know I told you before that I wanted to be a playwright, but on second thought, I decided to give up." I have decided to be a novelist, and I have some ideas about my first book. I'm going to write about Cardenio, about Dorothea, and about a man with morbid curiosity. " Of course, anyone who has read Cervantes knows what Little Gus is talking about. A long time later, he wrote one of the most popular books in the classics, which has been consciously imitating and expanding his favorite books. There are many similarities between the two books-the most interesting of which is Emma Bovary herself. Kevin Fraser explained: "Emma embodies the conflict between idealism and pragmatism, and Cervantes assigned the two to Don Quixote and his attendant Sanco Panza."

want to read: foreign body, Cynthia Ozke read first: ambassador, Henry James

Ozk fans must know that she is completely addicted to Henry James. In the sixth novel, she tries to create, as she describes it, "a plot contrary to the Ambassador." But it is not the exact opposite of the plot, but it will become a little more difficult: the fundamental meaning. Thomas Malone wrote in the New York Times, "what makes this novel so attractive is not because there is too much tendency to copy the Ambassadors' storyline (which may be a crucial content in James's later period), but because it is witty. But to subvert the whole theme and meaning in a drastic way, as well as the style used by respected pioneers."

want to read: red autobiography, Anne Carson first read: the Song of Golion, Stacy Cruz

Anne Carson's amazing poems are a kind of retelling, in some ways, it is a loose translation of Stacy Cruise's ancient epics. The story tells the story of Hercules stealing the cattle of the giant Goruon, which is the tenth task he has to accomplish. In fact, it's enough to be familiar with that myth, and you'll know how much Carson adapted, but I bet ancient Greek scholars can get more than the rest of us.

want to read: "Flaubert's Parrot", Julian Barnes first read: "three stories", Gustav Flaubert

of course, you can fully understand the happy life of Flaubert written by Barnes. You don't have to read anything about him, or you don't need to know anything about him. But why do you still need it? At the very least, you should read "A simple Heart" in the "three stories". When Flaubert wrote this story, he would stare at the parrot in the title of Barnes's work. The story does highlight a parrot. )

want to read: Finnegan's Wonder Night, James Joyce first read: Alice in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll

everyone is keen on matching, but it's one you've never thought of, but you'll be convinced when you hear it. Both books are full of word games.In Wonderland, as early as 1941, Henry Levin called Carol's book an "official guide" to Joyce's language. That said, don't expect to help you understand Finnegan's wake. You just need to revel in the reading-or create waves of disgust.

want to read: "the vast Sea of Sargasso", Jean Reese first read: "Jane Eyre", Charlotte Bronte

"the vast Sea of Sargasso" is one of the few directly "stripped" of other novels, and now itself has become a classic novel. Although it is technically a prequel to Bronte's novel, you should move back and read it so that the revelation of the crazy woman in the attic will have the greatest impact on you.

want to read: Lavinia, Ursula Rowen first read: Aeneas, Virgil

Le Rowan's recent novel, won the track award for (Locus Award) 's La Vina, chose a supporting role in Aeneas and expanded her life. But Le Rowen also imagines that Lavinia and her consciousness only exist in Virgil's poems, which makes the whole thing have a meta-novel (metafictional) or possibly a meta-history tune. In a postscript to the novel, Le Rowen wrote, "the Trojan War may have taken place in the 13th century BC; Rome may have been founded in the eighth century, although there is no exact history in the centuries that followed." It is a pure legend that Priam's nephew, Aeneas of Troy, has enough power to build Rome, and Virgil himself invented a large number of stories. " and that.

want to read: Gertrude and Claudius, John Updike first read Hamlet, William Shakespeare

most of the events in Updike's independent novels are prequels to Shakespeare, although these events developed the first act and scene II of Hamlet. More importantly, Updike traces the roots of his characters more deeply than Shakespeare, as if to get the truth about them. Everyone thinks that the result is really different. Richard Edel wrote in the New York Times: "it's as if the stage characters reflect other possibilities from the transformation of their roles and their intention to become conspicuous. There is no doubt that Updike worships Shakespeare, but Gertrude and Claudius is a challenge posed by Updike. Novel and drama: compared with the dramatic determination of the characters on the stage, we can see a broader, deeper and richer charm from the uncertainty of the novel. This is a very polite challenge: art to art. " This is the best challenge.